Theoretical Studies on Electronic and Vibrationally Resolved Multi-Photon Absorption and Dichroism
This thesis presents time-dependent density functional theory studies on electronic and vibronically resolved linear and nonlinear optical absorption and dichroism spectra of organic molecules. Special attention has been paid to the influence of solvent environment and molecular vibrations on one-, two- and three-photon absorption and one- and two-photon circular dichroism.
It is found that dielectric medium as described by polarizable continuum model can enhance remarkably three-photon absorption cross section of a highly conjugated fluorene derivative, for which the simplified two-state model is shown to be largely inadequate. Origin-invariant density functional calculations on one- and two-photon circular dichroisms of a chiral molecule confirm that the recently developed CAMB3LYP functional performs better than the popular B3LYP functional for Rydberg-states. The first experimental measurement of TPCD spectra is performed on an axial chiral system in tetrahydrofunan, where the double L-scan technique is applied. Theoretical calculations well reproduce the experimental profiles when both the electron correlation and the solvent effect are taken into account. Vibronically resolved one- and two-photon absorption spectra of charge-transfer molecules have been obtained using a Linear Coupling model, where the 'borrowing mechanism' for the so-called Herzberg-Teller contribution is analyzed in detail. It is shown that Herzberg-Teller contribution can introduce a change of sign to the chiral responses of a molecule without the involvement of different electronic states, which has important consequences for the assignment of absolute configurations of chiral molecules. Adiabatic harmonic Franck-Condon model is also applied to simulate vibronically resolved one- and two-photon circular dichroism spectra of the same chiral system, where the sign-inversion and the interference between Franck-Condon and Herzberg-Teller contributions are also observed.
School:Kungliga Tekniska högskolan
Source Type:Doctoral Dissertation
Keywords:NATURAL SCIENCES; Chemistry; Theoretical chemistry; Quantum chemistry; Multi-photon absorption and dichroism; Vibronically resolved spectroscopy
Date of Publication:01/01/2009