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Theoretical Modeling and Correlational Analysis of Single Bubble Dynamics From Submerged Orifices in Liquid Pools

by Kasimsetty, Sundeep Kumar

Abstract (Summary)
The growth dynamics of a single gas bubble from inception to departure, emanating from a submerged capillary tube orifice in quiescent liquid pools has been theoretically modeled. The mathematical model represents a fundamental balance of forces due to buoyancy, viscosity, surface tension, liquid inertia, and gas momentum transport, and the consequent motion of the evolving gas-liquid interface. Theoretical solutions describe the dynamic bubble behavior (incipience, growth, necking and departure) as it grows from the tip of a capillary tube orifice in an isothermal pure liquid pool. Also complete Navier Stokes equations are solved using VOF model to simulate the different stages in the evolution of the bubble. Variations in bubble shapes and sizes, equivalent diameter, and growth times with capillary orifice diameter and air flow rates are outlined. These results are also found to be in excellent agreement with the experimental data available in the literature. The parametric trends suggest a two-regime ebullient transport: (a) a constant volume regime where the bubble diameter is not affected by the flow rate, and (b) a growing bubble regime where bubble size increases with flow rate. The experimental data available in the literature for a wide range of liquids, flow rates and orifice sizes are analyzed to develop regime maps that characterize these two regimes. For a given liquid, the transition from the constant volume regime and the growing bubble regime is determined by the non-dimensional parameter, BoFr0.5 = 1 , that defines the interaction between buoyancy, surface tension and inertial forces. Correlation for isolated adiabatic bubble departure diameters is also developed based on a non-linear regression analysis of experimental data. The correlation considers the effects of thermo physical properties of the gas and liquid phases, orifice diameters and gas flow rates, and describes the experimental data published in the literature with in ± 10 percent.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:University of Cincinnati

School Location:USA - Ohio

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:adiabatic bubble dynamics theoretical model numerical simulation

ISBN:

Date of Publication:01/01/2008

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