Territorialitetsprincipens ställning som rättfärdigandegrund i EG-rätten : En utredning baserad på etableringsfriheten i artiklarna 43 EG och 48 EG
International law is composed by cooperation between sovereign states within different areas. Sovereign states have the power to legislate within their territories and because of this no other state can make binding laws on another state’s territory. This sovereign right to legislate is known as the principle of territoriality. Within international tax law the principle of territoriality means that a state has the right to taxation within its territory on all income related to that state. This means that those liable to full taxation are taxed on all their income regardless of where the income is earned and those liable to limited taxation are only taxed on income earned in that particular state.When a sovereign state gives up parts of its sovereignty to the European Community (EC), which is a part of the international cooperation among states, the concept of territoriality is fragmentized since the exclusive legislative power that a state holds must be shared with the legislative power of the EC. The freedom of establishment in articles 43 EC and 48 EC must be respected by the Member States since they through the admission of the EC granted that they would not apply laws that restricted the right for community citizens and companies to establish themselves in other member states than their own. With the limitation of the state’s sovereignty the term of territoriality becomes vaguer and it can be ques-tioned if the principle of territoriality has a position within EC law. It is also interesting to examine whether the principle can be seen as a justification for national law that is in conflict with the freedom of establishment or not.Even though there is some uncertainty whether the principle of territoriality can be seen as a valid justification or not the member states are still trying to invoke it. Since the European Court of Justice recognized the principle of territoriality in a case concerning the right to freedom of establishment it can not easily be dismissed.We do not, however, consider the principle of territoriality to be an independent justification for laws that are in conflict with the freedom of establishment in articles 43 EC and 48 EC. We believe that the principle only attributes the right to taxation between the Member States and that the principle is defined as in international tax law. Because the principle is given this definition it can only be used to define a states ability to taxation. We believe that the principle can not be relied upon to deny a Community citizen or a company a right to a tax relief.
School:Högskolan i Jönköping
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:tax law ec freedom of establishment territoriality principle
Date of Publication:06/02/2006