Teen pregnancy and low birthweight infants, an analysis of three regions in northern British Columbia
Abstract (Summary)Teen age women are expected to be at higher risk of bearing both premature and low birth weight infants. Within the North West Health Region of British Columbia an unexpectedly low number of low birth weight infants are born to teen mothers. Factors that influence the risk of both premature and low birth weight infants to teen women were reviewed and a study was conducted to examine whether the observation of reduced numbers of low birth weight infants is statistically reliable. British Columbia provincial data fiom the Ministry of He & and Ministry Responsible for Seniors fiom 1987to 1996 for both live births to teens (1049 years) and low birth weight infants (<2500 grarns) were anaiyzed to determine if a significant difference exists within the North West Health Region of British Columbia. The Upper Island / Central Coast Health Region and Northem Interior Hedth Region were used for cornparison due to their sirnilar profile of being rural communities with forestry as a prime economic base. The North West Health Region of British Columbia had significantly fewer low birth weight infants bom to teen mothers as determined by chi square and odds ratio analyses. These results indicate that a unique situation exists within the North West Health Region which cannot be attributed to chance alone. No specific measures have been identified as pivotal in rnitigating low birth weight of infants born to teen mothers. Many potential possibilities exist which require further investigation.
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:01/01/1999