Synchrotron radiation studies of gas phase molecules; from hydrogen to DNA sugars
This thesis summarises experimental results on the molecular spectroscopy of gas phase molecules excited by synchrotron radiation in the VUV and soft X-ray regions. We have used three di?erent detection techniques, photon induced ?uorescence spectroscopy, photoionisation mass spectroscopy and near edge X-ray absorption ?ne structure spectroscopy to study molecular deuterium, hydrogen sulphide, ammonia, methanol, pyridine, pyridazine, pyrimidine, pyrazine, s-triazine, and 2-deoxy-D-ribose, the last one also known as the DNA sugar. Out of this variety of techniques and molecules we have shown that: (1) high resolution dispersed ?uorescence allows us to identify vibrational and rotational bands in molecular deuterium, as well as to estimate the predissociation probability of the same molecule [paper I]; (2) the main species ?uorescing after core excitation of methane, ammonia [paper III], hydrogen sulphide [paper II], pyridine, pyrimidine and s-triazine is H Balmer ?, followed by ?uorescence from ionised species, molecular bands and Balmer ?, ? , ?; (3) the Rydberg enhancement seen in ?uorescence measurements of water [Melero et al. PRL 96 (2006) 063003], corroborated later in H2S [paper II], NH3 [paper III] and CH4 [paper III] and postulated as general behaviour for molecules formed by low-Z atoms, is also seen in larger organic cyclic molecules, e.g. azabenzenes; (4) when dissociative ionisation of pyridine, pyridazine, pyrimidine, pyrazine, s-triazine and 2-deoxy-D-ribose occurs, concerted bond rearrangement and nuclear motion takes place as opposed to stepwise dissociation [papers V and VI].
School:Kungliga Tekniska högskolan
Source Type:Doctoral Dissertation
Keywords:NATURAL SCIENCES; Physics; Atomic and molecular physics; KTH thesis; synchrotron radiation; gas phase; bio molecules
Date of Publication:01/01/2008