The Swedish Implementation of the InfoSoc Directive : Emphasis on the Exception for Private Use

by Friberg, Kristin

Abstract (Summary)
Copyright has always been the subject of two conflicting interests, that of the copyright owner and that of the public. It is up to the legislator to maintain this balance in order to provide a solution somewhat satisfying for both parties. The constituent elements in the balancing act for this thesis are the copyright, the exceptions and limitations to the copyright, the Three-Step Test limiting the exceptions and limitations and the protection of technological measures. This last element is a reaction to the Information Society, where copyrighted work can be copied digitally and disseminated with minimal effort. An increasing amount of infringements, especially on the Internet, and the fact that the copy becomes identical in quality to the original have become typical for the Information Society. To combat piracy in the Information Society and to harmonise the discrepancies in the exceptions and limitations of the Member States’ national laws, the InfoSoc Directive has been issued. Sweden implemented the Directive on July 1, 2005 and the purpose of this thesis is to examine whether the implementation has maintained or distorted the delicate balancing act. The Information Society has affected the exception for private use in particular, partly because digital infringements in this sector are hard to control since the users are anonymous and partly because of the inconvenience of encroaching on the private sphere of the users. As concluded in this thesis, the balance has been generally maintained, however there are specific effects that may have caused or are capable of causing a distorted balance. For instance, the Swedish legislator has restricted not only digital private use, but also analogue private use. Moreover, the Three-Step Test and its impact in national law may be dependent on national legal traditions. Furthermore, works subjected to beneficiaries of the exception for private use, risk a lock-up because of the protection of technological measures. This problem is related to the Swedish legislator’s choice of not implementing an enforcement provision related to the exception for private use. As for this problem in general, its complexity prevents a solution at this stage.
Bibliographical Information:


School:Högskolan i Jönköping

School Location:Sweden

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:information society infosoc directive private use


Date of Publication:06/07/2006

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