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Suppressive DNA vaccination in Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis and how it affects gene expression of inflammatory mediators

by Jakobsson, Charlotta

Abstract (Summary)
Vaccination with DNA encoding the encephalitogenic autoantigen myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG), pMOG91-108, induce a protective immunity against experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of human multiple sclerosis. By injection of a DNA vaccine that contains a DNA region encoding short interfering RNA specific for IFN? (pMOG-IFN?) the protective effect of the DNA vaccination is totally inhibited. This demonstrates that IFN-? is directly involved in the protective mechanism against EAE.The objective of this project was to study how molecules involved in the inflammatory process in EAE are regulated by suppressive DNA vaccination. mRNA expression of IL-1?, TGF ?, IL-23p40 and Axl receptor tyrosine kinas did not show any significant differences between the groups vaccinated with these DNA vaccines. IL-6 and IFN? mRNA expression after MOG stimulation in rats treated with pCI, a control vaccine was significantly higher compared to the group vaccinated with vaccine containing pMOG-IFN?. IL-17 m RNA expression after MOG stimulation in pCl-treated rats was significantly higher compared to the group vaccinated with vaccine containing pMOG-91-108. Of these results the mRNA expression of IL-17 and IL-6 were of interest for the project.The immune system normally protects the body against infections and T-cells have an important role in this defence system. In MS and EAE, the immune system attacks the myelin and this process is caused by a dysregulation of the T-cells. IL-17-producing Th17 cells mediate EAE. Naïve CD4 T-cells in the presence of IL-6 and TGF? are differentiated to Th17 cells instead of differentiating into T-helper or regulatory T-cells. These IL-17-producing T-cells are highly pathogenic and essential for the development of EAE. The results showed that pMOG IFN? vaccine had an effect at the immune response, which resulted in an inhibition of the IL-6 production and that vaccination with pMOG91-108 impairs differentiation of IL-17-producing T-cells.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:Uppsala universitet

School Location:Sweden

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:eae ms il 17 producing t cells autoimmunity autoimmune cell responses interfering rna

ISBN:

Date of Publication:06/05/2007

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