A STUDY OF NATIONALISTIC EXPRESSION OF THE CHORO IN HEITOR VILLA-LOBOS'S CHAMBER WORKS WITH BASSOON
The purpose of this document is to study how Heitor Villa-Lobos presented his nationalistic expression of the choro within selected chamber works for mixed instrumentation with bassoon. The use of folk and popular music was the utmost inspiration to Villa-Lobos. The choro (a specific form of urban popular music of Rio de Janeiro) was an especially prominent source for Villa-Lobos’s chamber works and for his development of a nationalistic style. The selected works are infused with characteristics of the choro, such as virtuosity, improvisation, rhapsodic form, syncopation, polyrhythm, contrapuntal texture, melodic and rhythmic ostinato, and wide melodic leaps. Although these works contain the elements of the choro genre, Villa-Lobos composed each work in a unique nationalistic style. Villa-Lobos mastered the lending of European musical styles based on the recognizable and appealing qualities of the choro, which resulted in a certain hybrid character. He absorbed musical elements from Bach, Romanticism, and French Impressionism, and used them with his own creative representation of Brazilian folk and popular music. For general information, chapter 2 provides a brief historical background of Brazilian music, primarily a historical and stylistic account of the choro, and the diversity of ethnic types. Chapter 3 focuses on how Villa-Lobos presented the characteristics of Brazilian music along with other resources in creating his unique compositional style. I provide musical analyses that demonstrate the distinct elements of Villa-Lobos’s music (harmony, melody, rhythm, counterpoint, form texture/instrumentation, etc.). Thereafter, I summarize with comparative analysis of the main elements of the choro and their counterparts in Villa-Lobos’s works including Noneto, Choros No. 3, Quinteto em forma de choros, and Bachianas Brasileiras No. 6. Also a discography of these works is included.
School:University of Cincinnati
School Location:USA - Ohio
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:nationalism heitor villa lobos bassoon
Date of Publication:01/01/2005