The Study of Trace Metal Phase Speciations by Using Cross-flow Filtration in Kao-ping River Estuary
Studies of phase speciation of trace metals were conducted in Kao-ping river estuary in September 2001 and May 2002. Influence of seasonal variation, salinity and organic carbon content on the trace metal¡¦s phase speciation were of special interest. Water samples collected from four different sampling stations were analyzed for their contents which include salinity, pH value, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, total organic carbon and trace metals. Subsamples observed by cross-flow filtration treatment were further analyzed for the contents of total organic carbon and trace metals.
The results showed that manganese has the highest concentration( 8.23 ~ 291.24 £gg/L ), followed by zinc( 2.83 ~ 5.89 £gg/L), nickel( 1.69 ~ 5.82
£gg/L ), copper( 1.75 ~ 4.71 £gg/L ), lead( 0.27 ~ 0.89 £gg/L ) and cadmium( 0.01 ~ 0.27 £gg/L ). Cadmium existed in particulate phase predominately. Copper existed in truly dissolved phase predominately. Particle and truly dissolved phase were the major species of zinc, nickel, manganese and lead.
Percentage of all metals in colloidal fraction of the filter-passing pool were low( 9 ~ 16 % for Cu, 5 ~ 21 % for Zn, 4 ~ 30 % for Ni, 2 ~ 38 % for Mn, 5 ~ 30 % for Pb and 8 ~ 34 % for Cd ), they were found predominately in truly dissolved fraction. Effect of seasonal variation was not significant on the distribution of trace metals. Percentage of all truly dissolved metals increased with increasing salinity, however, percentage of particulate metals decreased with increasing salinity ( except for Zn ).
Values of partition coefficients between colloids and true solution( Kc ) were considerably higher than those between particles and true solution( Kp ) for all trace metals indicate a high complexation capacity and binding intensity of colloidal organic matter.
Advisor:Rong-whey Chen; Wei-hsien Wang; Jyh-horng Sheu
School:National Sun Yat-Sen University
School Location:China - Taiwan
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:trace metals cross flow filtration kao ping river
Date of Publication:08/29/2002