Study on The Regenerative Thermal Oxidation of Gas-borne N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) and Its Associated NOx Formation Characteristics
In this study, a two-bed electrically-heated regenerative thermal oxidizer (RTO) was used to test NOx formation characteristics from burning air-laden N, N-dimethyl formamide (DMF) and air-laden DMF mixed with methyl ethyl ketone (MEK). The RTO contained two 0.152 m ¡Ñ 0.14 m ¡Ñ 1.0 m (L ¡Ñ W ¡Ñ H) beds both packed with gravel particles of around 1.11 cm in average diameter to a height of 1.0 m, and the packed section had a void fraction of 0.416. Performances on the thermal destructions of DMF and MEK, the thermal recovery efficiency, as well as the gas pressure drop over the regenerative beds were investigated.
Experimental results indicate that, with a valve shifting time (ts) of 1.5 min, gas superficial velocities (Ug) of 0.39-0.78 m/s (evaluated at an influent air temperature of around 30oC), and set maximum destruction temperatures (Tset) of 750-950 oC, there was no NOx in the effluent gas from the RTO with no DMF in the influent air. With only DMF in the influent gas, its destruction efficiencies were 96.3 (750oC), 97.4 (850oC) and 97.9 % (950oC), and increased with increasing influent DMF concentration from 100-250 ppm. Mole ratios of ¡§NOx-N formation/DMF destruction¡¨ were found to be in the range of 0.84-1.20, and the ratio decreased with increasing influent DMF concentration within the experimental range. With both DMF and MEK in the influent gas, no significant influence was found in the NOx formation ratio and the DMF destruction efficiency with influent MEK/DMF ratios of 50/100 - 1500/100 (ppm/ppm) and the set temperatures. The NOx formation ratios were in the range of 0.85-1.07. The Ergun equation was adequate for the estimation of the pressure drop for the gas flowing over the packed regenerative beds in the Ug range of 37-0.74 m/s. It was also found that the thermal recovery efficiency was decreasing with the increasing Ug and invariant with Tset.
Advisor:Ming-Shean Chou; Kang-Shin Chen; Hsin Chu
School:National Sun Yat-Sen University
School Location:China - Taiwan
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:regenerative thermal oxidation dmf nox
Date of Publication:06/29/2006