Studien zur DNA-Vakzinierung von Hühnern mit Eimeria tenella-Antigenen
The protozoan parasite Eimeria tenella is highly pathogenic in chickens and causes caecal coccidosis that contribute to high economic losses in poultry farming. At the moment no vaccine based on a single antigen is available. The identification and characterization of proteins that are involved in host parasite interaction could particularly contribute to the development of immunoprophylactic control strategies. In order to establish a DNA immunisation protocol, cDNA of three already known E. tenella antigens were subcloned alone or in fusion to the stabilising fusion partner enhanced green flurescence protein (EGFP) into two different DNA immunisation vectors (pCDNA3, pVR1012). Following DNA immunisation of chickens using both vectors with or without EGFP fusion, respectively, the induction of comparable immune responses were shown by serum conversion. This implies it was possible to achieve heterologous (Eimeria) gene expression in chickens with the established immunisation protocol. In order to identify new E. tenella secretory proteins bioinformatic and experimental approaches were used. Following bioinformatic analysis 54 putatively secretory E. tenella sequences were identified for which roles in host parasite interaction were surmised, due to their localisation and function. The identification of secreted proteins from a E. tenella sporozoite cDNA library using a functional complementation assay in yeast resulted in 25 unique sequences. The cDNA of 13 newly identified secretory proteins were tested in DNA immunisation studies. The results showed that both methods are capable of identifying secretory proteins of E. tenella. Owing to the results presented here, new immunisation protocols should be established to test the immune protective capacity of candidate antigens of E. tenella in chickens. The present study confirmed the method of DNA immunisation as a basic tool for such new protocols. In future, however, DNA immunisation protocols should focus on the induction of essential intestinal immune responses.
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School:Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:WF 9900 Eimeria tenella Kokzidiose DNA immunisation secretory proteins coccidiosis 4000
Date of Publication:03/09/2005