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Structural studies of nanostructured systems, intermatellic compounds and cobaltates

by Aguero, Oscar Enrique

Abstract (Summary)
A series of new compounds have been synthesized and their physical properties studied using X-ray diffraction and magnetic measurements as a function of temperature. In this type of compounds, structural properties are strongly correlated with their magnetic and transport properties. In this work we present details of the synthesis as well as the structural and magnetic characterization of nanostructured metallic alloys (Cu-Fe), intermetallic compounds of the type R3M4Sn13 (R=rare earth, M= Co, Ir), and the cobaltates Nd1-xCaxCo03 and GdBaCo2O5,5. The lattice parameters, crystallite size and lattice strain of nanostructured Cu1-xFex(0< x <0,5) alloys prepared by the ball milling method were determined from X-ray powder diffraction analysis. All samples present the Cu FCC structure. The lattice parameter of the Cu1-xFex phases increases with x. The X-ray diffraction peaks were analyzed using the Warren-Averbach and Integral Breadth methods. The crystallite size decreases and the lattice strain increases with Fe concentration. Crystal structures of the R3M4Sn13 (R= rare earth, M=Co, Ir) intermetallic compounds were determined from single crystal X-ray diffraction at room temperature. All R3Co4Sn13 and Eu3Ir4Sn13 compounds crystallize in the cubic Pm-3n space group with cell parameters a~9,5-9,7 Å. The R3IrSn13(R= La, Ce, Pr, Nd) compounds present a body centered cubic superstructure with a´ ~2a. In this series, the Yb and Eu compounds exhibit an anomalous behavior associated to valence states different from those of the other rare earths. Low temperature X-ray powder diffraction studies for R3Co4S n13(R= La, Ce, Pr, Nd and Gd) show a phase transition below 150 K from a simple cubic to a body centered cubic superstructure with cell parameter a´~ 2 a. The temperature of the phase transition decreases with the rare earth ionic radii. No phase transitions were observed for the R3Ir4Sn13 series for temperatures down to 20 K. The structural and magnetic properties of the cobaltates Nd1-xCaxCoO3(0 =x =0,4), were studied using powder X-ray diffraction, dc magnetization and ac susceptibility measurements as a function of temperature (2-800 K). All compounds crystallize with an orthorhombic (Pnma) structure in the temperature range (20- 800 K). For x =0,1 the Nd1-xCaxCoO3system shows a paramagnetic behavior down to 2 K, with the Co3+e Co4+ions in low spin state (LS) for T<180 K. For 0,2 =x =0,4, two magnetic transitions were observed for T<60 K. These transitions are associated to a spin or cluster glass states. A magnetic phase and spin state diagram was constructed for comparison with similar systems. The compound GdBaCo2 O5.50was synthesized and the structural and transport properties were studied as a function of temperature [2-800 K]. Successive magnetic phase transitions were observed: TPM= 70 K, TN~ 260 K; TC~ 273 K. A metal-insulator transition is observed at TMI~ 360 K, with a simultaneous spin transition of the Co 3+ions. The magnetic measurements results are compatible with the spin states 50%Co3+(IS)+50% Co3+(LS) for TTMI. Structural studies using powder diffraction with a conventional X-ray source and synchrotron radiation show that the LS ÎHS spin state transition occurs only for the Co3+ions in the octahedrons. An orthorhombic-tetragonal transition of the order-disorder type was observed at TOD~ 760 K
This document abstract is also available in Portuguese.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Iris Concepcion Linares de Torriani; Iris Concepcion Linares de Torriani [Orientador]; Javier Alcides Ellena; Carlos Rettori; Carlos de Oliveira Paiva Santos; Fernando Cerdeira

School:Universidade Estadual de Campinas

School Location:Brazil

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:Nanoestrutura Cobaltitas X-rays Nanostructures Intermetallic compounds Cobaltates

ISBN:

Date of Publication:05/15/2007

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