Strategies To Improve Crop Recovery Of Swine Manure Nitrogen
Field experiments were conducted at two long-term manure management sites in Saskatchewan; 1) Dixon (Black Chernozem) and 2) Melfort (Dark Grey Luvisol). At the Dixon site, plant and soil samples were collected throughout the 2005 and 2006 growing season, and ammonium-N (NH4+-N) and nitrate-N (NO3--N) concentration in soil, and total N content in plant were measured. Plant root simulator (PRSTM) probes were used to measure NH4+-N and NO3--N supply rates at the Dixon site to determine the effectiveness of a nitrification inhibitor dicyandiamide (DCD) added to LSM. Crop recovery of N applied through LSM application was assessed by measuring seed and straw yield and total N content. The effect of adding supplemental P fertilizer at 6.5 kg P ha-1 to swine manure amended soil on N recovery was also evaluated at the Dixon site. At the S deficient Melfort site, the effect of supplemental S fertilizer added at 40 kg S ha-1 as ammonium sulfate and elemental S was evaluated.
The addition of DCD (0.275 mL kg-1) to LSM in 2005 and 2006 at Dixon did not significantly affect the proportion of LSM-N recovered or the seed yield. However, measurements of available NH4+-N and NO3--N concentrations and supply rates at the beginning of the growing season in 2005 indicated that the nitrification inhibitor was effective in keeping more of the LSM-N in the NH4+ form for approximately 14 days after LSM application.
The addition of supplemental P fertilizer to plots fertilized with LSM at the Dixon site, generally did not produce any significant increase in crop N recovery or seed yield. However, increase in crop N recovery and seed yield in 100 kg N ha-1 urea treatments indicates that there was insufficient P available in the soils to maximize crop N recovery and seed yield. It appears that LSM is able to provide sufficient amounts of available P when applied annually at rates of 37,000 L ha-1 or higher.
At the Melfort site, the addition of supplemental S fertilizer did not significantly affect crop N recovery or seed yield in LSM treatments. Annual applications of the low rate of LSM of 37,000 L ha-1 supplied sufficient amounts of N and S to maximize seed yield and crop N recovery. However, large significant increases in seed yield and crop N recovery with supplemental S fertilizers were observed in the 80 kg N ha-1 urea treatment.
The use of a nitrification inhibitor added to LSM was effective at maintaining N in NH4+ form longer; however there was no significant effect on final yield, grain N or %N recovery. This may be due to the low N loss potential on prairies. Supplemental S and P fertilizer may be required with liquid swine manure. Supplemental commercial fertilizers with LSM are dependant on: the crop nutrient requirements, soil nutrient status and manure nutrient composition.
Advisor:Malhi, Sukhdev S.; Schoenau, Jeffrey J. (Jeff); Knight, J. Diane
School:University of Saskatchewan
School Location:Canada - Saskatchewan
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:nitrogen recovery nitrification inhibitor liquid swine manrue
Date of Publication:05/23/2007