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Spektroskopische Untersuchungen hochgeladener Krypton-Ionen im Röntgen-Bereich

by Fuchs, Tino

Abstract (Summary)
This thesis deals with the spectroscopic investigation of various aspects of the x-ray emission of highly charged krypton ions with relevance for fusion research. The experiments have been performed at the Berlin electron beam ion trap (EBIT). One part of the work was devoted to the measurement of channel-specific cross sections for dielectronic recombination (DR) via the KL$n$ ($n$=2, \ldots, 5) resonance series of He- to C-like krypton ions ($\mbox{Kr}^{(34\, \ldots\,30)+}$). The DR cross sections were determined relative to the cross section for non-resonant radiative recombination (RR). A fit procedure was used to compare the measured data with theoretical calculations. Predictions of the HULLAC atomic structure code are confirmed within the experimental uncertainties. Additionally, the radiative relaxation mechanism following the stabilizing transition in the DR process was analyzed. The approach used to obtain the DR excitation function opens up a spectroscopic method to determine the relative abundance of the highly charged ions in the trap. This in situ diagnostic of the charge state balance allowed for the measurement of the radiative cooling rates of krypton being the second focus of the thesis. For this purpose EBIT was tuned to a charge state distribution approaching the ionization balance of a plasma at a temperature of about $5\;\mbox{keV}$. EBIT's capability to sample a wide range of electron-beam energies and distinguish between different radiation channels was utilized to determine the cooling rate. The x-ray emission from the various plasma radiation channels, like bremsstrahlung, radiative recombination, dielectronic recombination, and line radiation following electron-impact excitation was analyzed. For the first time, channel-specific cooling rates could be obtained from these data. It was found, that the dominant contribution to the cooling rate is made up by the directly excited x-rays of the L-shell spectra of krypton, producing more than 75\% of the total radiation loss. A difference with theoretical calculations is noted for the total cooling rate. The predicted values are lower by a factor of 1.5 - 2.0, depending on the theoretical model. This discrepancy is clearly beyond the experimental uncertainty of 30\% at maximum.
This document abstract is also available in German.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

School Location:Germany

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:Strahlungskuehlungsrate Elektronenstrahlionenfalle Roentgenspektroskopie Highly-charged ions Dielectronic recombination Radiative power loss Electron-beam ion trap X-ray spectroscopy

ISBN:

Date of Publication:06/23/2000

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