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SNP CHARACTERIZAITON AND GENETIC AND MOLECULAR ANALYSIS OF MUTANTS AFFECTING FIBER DEVELOPMENT IN COTTON

by An, Chuanfu

Abstract (Summary)
Cotton (Gossypium spp.) is the worlds leading textile fiber crop, and an important source of oil and protein. Insufficient candidate gene derived-markers suitable for genetic mapping and limited information on genes that control economically important traits are the major impediments to the genetic improvement of Upland cotton (G. hirsutum L.). The objectives of this study were to develop a SNP marker discovery strategy in tetraploid cotton species, SNP characterization and marker development from fiber initiation and elongation related genes, chromosomal assignment of these genes by SNP marker-based deletion analysis or linkage mapping, and genetic and molecular analysis of mutants affecting cotton fiber development. Phylogenetic grouping and comparision to At- and Dt-genome putative ancestral diploid species of allotetraploid cotton facilitated differentiation between genome specific polymorphisms (GSPs) and marker-suitable locus-specific polymorphisms (LSPs). By employing this strategry, a total of 222 and 108 SNPs were identified and the average frequency of SNP was 2.35% and 1.30% in six EXPANSIN A genes and six MYB genes, respectively. Both gene families showed independent and incongruent evolution in the two subgenomes and a faster evolution rate in Dt-genome than that in At-genome. SNPs were concordantly mapped to different chromsomes, which confirmed their value as candidate gene marker and indicated the reliability of SNP discovery stragey. QTL mapping by two F2 populations developed from fiber mutants detected major QTL which explain 62.8-87.1% of the phenotypic variation for lint percentage or lint index in the vicinity of BNL3482-138 on chromosome 26. Single marker regression analyses indicated STV79-108, which was located to the long arm of chromosome 12 (the known location of N1 and perhaps n2 loci), also had significant association (R2 % value 15.4-30.6) with lint percentage, lint index, embryo protein percentage and micronaire. Additional QTL and significant markers associated with other seed and fiber traits were detected on different chromosomes. Inheritance analysis indicated that both genetic models N1N1n2n2 and n2n2li3lisub>3 could lead to the fiberless phenotype. The observation of fuzzless-short lint phenotype indicated fiber initiation and elongation were controlled by different mechanisms. The penetrance of Li2 gene expression was observed in this study.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:John A. Boyle; Teddy P. Wallace; Frank B. Matta; Jack C. McCarty, Jr.; Din-Pow Ma; Sukumar Saha; Johnie N. Jenkins

School:Mississippi State University

School Location:USA - Mississippi

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:plant and soil sciences

ISBN:

Date of Publication:04/30/2008

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