Skilled migration and diaspora externalities

by Lodigiani, Elisabetta

Abstract (Summary)
The pace of international skilled migration has accelerated during recent decades and it has attracted considerable attention. In particular, recent data suggest that emigration of highly skilled people from developing countries is a more and more relevant phenomena. This thesis contributes to the brain drain debate and it gives particular attention to the role of diaspora externalities in inducing economic development in migrants’ originating countries. In particular: Chapter 1 gives a general and critical idea of the brain drain issue with particular attention to diaspora networks. Chapter 2 empirically evaluates the impact of the skilled diaspora abroad on the aggregate amount of FDI inflows in the countries of origin. Chapter 3 deals with diaspora externalities and technology transfer. It shows that skilled migration increases TFP growth in areas far from the technological frontier. Finally, Chapter 4 presents a CGE model of the world economy. This model combines the major results of existing theoretical and empirical literature in a general equilibrium framework of world economy and it provides a more thorough analysis regarding the total effects of skilled-biased out-migration on developing countries. It assesses the significance of several feedback effects due to migration, and in particular it considers the network effects considered in chapter 2 and 3. / L’ampleur de la migration qualifiée s'est intensifiée au cours des dernières
This document abstract is also available in French.
Bibliographical Information:


School:Université catholique de Louvain

School Location:Belgium

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:brain drain migrant networks development


Date of Publication:02/17/2009

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