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Sequentielle Genotypisierung von Pseudomonas aeruginosa-Isolaten und √úbereinstimmung von bakteriologischen Proben aus dem oberen und unteren Respirationstrakt von Patienten mit cystischer Fibrose

by Jung, Andreas

Abstract (Summary)
There is controversy about adequate specimen to detect and characterise colonisation of cystic fibrosis (CF) airways by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Oropharyngeal, sputum and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) samples were evaluated sequentially from 38 stable CF patients for the detection of P. aeruginosa. Pseudomonas strains were typed by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of DNA macrorestriction fragments. The occurrence of genetically different isolates within the same host and longitudinal variations in the genotype during repeated examinations was assessed. Sensitivity, negative and positive predictive values and specificity to detect P. aeruginosa were 36%, 74%, 83% and 96% for oropharyngeal cultures in non-expectorating patients and 92%, 94%, 100% and 100% for sputum cultures from expectorating patients, respectively. RAPD analysis and PFGE were suitable to characterize P. aeruginosa CF isolates, although only DNA macrorestriction was able to distinguish between identical and closely related strains. Genotypes of Pseudomonas isolates recovered from oropharyngeal swabs and sputum differed to the strains recovered by bronchoscopy in 55% and 40%, respectively. In 62% longitudinal variations in the genotype occurred. Half of these alterations were only detectable from bronchoscopically obtained samples. In conclusion, sputum samples have the same value as specimens from BAL to detect P. aeruginosa colonisation, whereas cultures from the oropharynx are not suitable for characterising the bacterial conditions in the CF lungs in an early disease state. DNA macrorestriction is recommended as an excellent tool for epidemiological investigations. Different genotypes within the same host and longitudinal genetic alterations are common and may be detectable in the BAL fluid exclusively.
This document abstract is also available in German.
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Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

School Location:Germany

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:Polymerasekettenreaktion Bronchiallavage Pseudomonas aeruginosa Pulsfeld-Gelelektrophorese Cystic fibrosis bronchoalveolar lavage pulsed-field gel electrophoresis restriction fragment length polymorphism random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis polymerase chain reaction WF 8620

ISBN:

Date of Publication:10/26/2005

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