Scarf's Theorem and Applications in Combinatorics

by Rioux, Caroline

Abstract (Summary)
A theorem due to Scarf in 1967 is examined in detail. Several versions of

this theorem exist, some which appear at first unrelated. Two versions

can be shown to be equivalent to a result due to Sperner in 1928: for

a proper labelling of the vertices in a simplicial subdivision of an n-simplex,

there exists at least one elementary simplex which carries all labels {0,1,..., n}.

A third version is more akin to Dantzig's simplex method and is also examined.

In recent years many new applications in combinatorics have been found,

and we present several of them. Two applications are in the area of fair division: cake cutting

and rent partitioning. Two others are graph theoretic: showing the existence

of a fractional stable matching in a hypergraph and the existence of a fractional kernel in a

directed graph. For these last two, we also show the second implies the first.

Bibliographical Information:


School:University of Waterloo

School Location:Canada - Ontario

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:scarf s theorem sperner lemma fractional stable matching strong kernel rent partitionning cake cutting combinatorics and optimization


Date of Publication:01/01/2006

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