Salarios y desigualdad territorial en las áreas urbanas de México, 1992-2002
Abstract (Summary)The principal aim of this thesis is to take part in the discussion on the functioning and evolution of the labour market in Mexico. The study centres on the aspects of salary, unemployment and wage disparity from the optics of urban markets of work; using as source of information the National Survey of Urban Employment in the period 1992-2002. In the present document we develop the discussion of three topics: a) the existing relation between the rate of urban unemployment and the local salary, this by means of the methodology of Wage Curve; b) the wage inequality in Mexico, emphasizing the urban/ regional aspect; and c) the commercial opening and the regional salary, where the changes are analyzed in the economic structure as explanatory factor of the differences in salary average between cities, as well as the possible existence of economies of agglomeration and advantages of accessibility as source(fountain) of major remunerations. The analysis of the wage curve allowed to confirm the existence of a negative effect of the rate of local unemployment on the salary of the workers; nevertheless, the levels of elasticity obtained are lower than the registered ones in other countries. The estimations of wage curve for different groups of workers it confirmed the existence of different wage sensibility. The calculation of the wage inequality indicates that this one presented a growth during the period 1992-1997 and from this date it has a descending behavior. The decomposition of the disparity in components within and between allowed to identify a reduction of the wage differences to the interior of the groups and an increase between groups. The exploration of the effects composition and salary, it determined that the variations in the remunerations to the factors are the determinant component in the evolution of the wage disparity and in less measured it affects the modifications in the composition of the groups. The disparities in the salary average of the cities increased during the decade of the nineties, which was explained by the payment to the factors in the different cities and not by the difference existence in the endowment of factors between urban areas; besides, this behavior seems to show a geographical reference, increasing the differences in salary average between the cities of the north and south of the country. These regional differences seem to be associated with a spatial specialization of the productive activities, trade and services in the south and manufacture in the north; and the strengthening of factors related to economies of agglomeration and accessibility to the market of The United States.
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Advisor:Roig, José Luis
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:411 departament d economia aplicada
Date of Publication:07/07/2005