Retrospective Analysis of meningitis sequelae on children assisted in a Specialized Hospital in the years of 1995 and 2005

by Ramalho, Kátia Almeida

Abstract (Summary)
Objective: This research has for objective to know and to compare the number of children that had had meningitis between 0 and 12 years of age; to describe the relative findings about the referrals for hearing evaluation in the years of 1995 and 2005. Method: this is a retrospective study. It was analyzed the medical data chart patients between 0 and 12 years of age, who had received medical attendance at an specialized hospital due to meningitis, during January to December of 1995 (before the introduction of the meningitis vaccine) or during January to December of 2005 (after the introduction of the meningitis vaccine). This period was selected because in 1998, attending to OPAS recommendation, vaccine for Haemophilus Influenzae type b has been offered to Brazilian population. The medical charts were selected according to the following criteria: To have received medical attendance at the hospital between January and December of 1995 or between January and December of 2005; To have medical diagnosis of bacterial or viral meningitis; To have, at the admissal age between 0 and 12 years. Results and Conclusion: analysis and comparative study of the collected data had pointed greater incidence of cases of meningococcal meningitis. In 1995, 322 cases of meningitis had been described, being that of these 90% due to meningococcal disease, while in 2005 61 cases had been described, with 100% of meningococcal disease. The results also showed a significant reduction in the number of meningitis cases but the meningococcal disease is still prevalent. The vaccination campaign initiated in 1999 reduced the number of meningitis cases, but, proportionally it does not happen for meningococcal disease. There were few referrals for hearing evaluation in both groups. There was no difference between genders but age was an important variable ? greater occurrence was in children under 5 years of age. The study points to the necessity of physicians to pay attention for possible hearing problems that a child may show. Studies relate that meningitis is the leading cause of acquired deafness in children. Audiologists must be present in order to inform, detect, assess and counsel parents about the hearing problems that this child may have
This document abstract is also available in Portuguese.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Teresa Maria Momensohm dos Santos

School:Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo

School Location:Brazil

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:fonoaudiologia audição


Date of Publication:07/30/2008

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