Resource conservation through a hierarchical approach of mass and energy integration [electronic resource] /
The objective of this work was to develop a systematic methodology for simultaneously targeting and optimizing heating, cooling, power cogeneration, and waste management for any processing facility. A systems approach was used to characterize the complex interactions between the various forms of material and energy utilities as well as their interactions with the core processing units. Two approaches were developed: graphical and mathematical. In both approaches, a hierarchical procedure was developed to decompose the problem into successive stages that were globally solvable then. The solution fragments were then merged into overall process solutions and targets. The whole approach was a systems approach of solving problems. The methodology was developed from the insights from several state of the art process integration techniques. In particular, the dissertation introduced a consistent framework for simultaneously addressing heat-exchange networks, material-recovery networks, combined heat and power, fuel optimization, and waste management. The graphical approach relied on decomposing the problem into sequential tasks that could be addressed using visualization tools. The mathematical approach enabled the simultaneous solution of critical subproblems. Because of the non-convexity of the mathematical formulation, a global optimization technique was developed through problem reformulation and discretization. A case study was solved and analyzed to illustrate the effectiveness of the devised methodology.
School:Texas A&M International University
School Location:USA - Texas
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:major chemical engineering energy integration systems approach mass
Date of Publication: