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Remote sensing for site-specific management of biotic and abiotic stress in cotton

by Falkenberg, Nyland Ray

Abstract (Summary)
This study evaluated the applicability of remote sensing instrumentation for site- specific management of abiotic and biotic stress on cotton grown under a center pivot. Three different irrigation regimes (100%, 75%, and 50% ETc) were imposed on a cotton field to 1) monitor canopy temperatures of cotton with infrared thermometers (IRTs) in order to pinpoint areas of biotic and abiotic stress, 2) compare aerial infrared photography to IRTs mounted on center pivots to correlate areas of biotic and abiotic stress, and 3) relate yield to canopy temperatures. Pivot-mounted IRTs and IR camera were able to differentiate water stress between the irrigation regimes, however, only the IR camera was effectively able to distinguish between biotic (cotton root rot) and abiotic (drought) stress with the assistance of groundtruthing. The 50% ETc regime had significantly higher canopy temperatures, which were reflected in significantly lower lint yields when compared to the 75% and 100% ETc regimes. Deficit irrigation up to 75% ETc had no impact on yield, indicating that water savings were possible without yield depletion.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Piccinni, Giovanni; Cothren, J. T.; Leskovar, Daniel I.; Rush, Charlie M.

School:Texas A&M University

School Location:USA - Texas

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:irrigation regimes canopy temperature ir camera irts root rot soil moisture lepa irriagtion management remote sensing site specific

ISBN:

Date of Publication:09/30/2004

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