Religiosidade e modos de vida : a (re)construção do lugar nacomunidade rural Tenda do Moreno em Uberlândia - MG

by de Andrade, Rodrigo Borges

Abstract (Summary)
In this work focused on analyzing the process of creation and reorganization of theplace, from the lifeworld of the small agricultural producers of the community locatedin the municipality of Uberlândia-MG, Brazil, called Tenda do Moreno. The researchttok into consideration the customs, cultural and religious practices, and even thesocial relations, which occur during agricultural production, of the farmers of thiscommunity. The broad objective of this research is to analyze how the place wascreated in addition to, the social and cultural factors that permit such a community toperpetuate in the setting of the 21st century. The first settlers to this region werefarmers who came in the beginning of the 19th century. The first farms were owned bymany farmers in order to lower the costs. As time went by these farms in this regionbecame agricultural neighborhoods, which eventually became the ?Tenda doMoreno? community. The social content of this place was greatly influenced by thereligiosity of their way of life, therefore, the social and cultural practices, which werepermeated by moral and religious values, encouraged the sociability and reciprocitybetween the inhabitants. The social relations, which occurred during agriculturalproduction, for example, were based on cooperation between the farmers, instead ofcompetition. The production of the farm was measured by the increase of the qualityof life of the inhabitants of the community, while the surplus production was directedtowards the generation of more funds. Nevertheless, this reality was changed, duringthe 1980?s, due to the modernization of the agricultural practices in the municipality ofUberlândia and the increase in demand of urban consumer markets for agriculturalproducts. These two factors forced these agricultural communities to abandon theirtraditional agricultural practices and become specialized in the production of onespecific product. Although they were forced to abandon subsistence farming, theywere able to maintain most of their customs, cultural traditions, religious practices,and even social relations. This environment is complex because the agriculturalactivities are modern, but the social, cultural and religious traditions are still groundedto the traditions of the founders of the place. One of the means that is used topreserve the link to the traditional customs is through religious celebrations that occurannually. These events allow the population to get to experience the lifestyle,customs, practices, and beliefs of their ancestors. The most important of thesereligious celebrations is the party of ?São José do Moreno.? Currently, this religiouscelebration, which is conducted by the population of the community, has the intentionof connecting the population to the traditions of the past and enabling thesocialization between them. Furthermore, these social events are able to create apleasant living environment that promotes a stable, balanced and deep-rootedcommunity.
This document abstract is also available in Portuguese.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Maria Geralda de Almeida; Mônica Chaves Abdala; Rosselvelt José Santos

School:Universidade Federal de Uberlândia

School Location:Brazil

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:Place Religiosity Life ways Sociability Community


Date of Publication:10/26/2007

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