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Relationships among selected variables and quality of life in healthy older adults /

by 1973- Thievon, Susan Lea

Abstract (Summary)
The purpose of this study was to examine the predictive relationships of physical activity, social support, and physical symptoms with mental and physical health-related quality of life in community-dwelling older adults. This secondary analysis of data used a predictive correlational design, using bivarate correlations and multiple regression analysis. A sample size of 215 community dwelling older adults was obtained. Results of data analysis revealed sample characteristics of a mean age of 70 (range 55-93), 29% male, 99.5% white, 65% married, well educated, and moderate income. Physical activity significantly positively correlated with physical and mental quality of life (r = .678, p < .001; r = .281, p < .001, respectively). Social support significantly positively correlated with physical and mental quality of life (r = .158, p < .05; r = .212, p < .01, respectively). Symptom distress significantly negatively correlated with physical and mental quality of life (r = -.443, p < .001; r = -.435, p < .001, respectively). Hierarchal regression, controlling for age, income, and work status, revealed that physical activity, social support, symptom distress, and mental quality of life together significantly predicted 55% of the variance in physical quality of life (R = .743, R2 = .552, p<.01). Hierarchal regression, controlling for income, revealed that physical symptom distress, social support, physical activity, and physical quality of life significantly predicted 28% of the variance in mental quality of life (R = .529, R2 = .280, p<.01). In conclusion, physical activity level, social support, and physical symptom distress significantly predict both physical and mental quality of 8 life in older adults. Interventions addressing these variables should be further developed and tested in similar and diverse populations of elderly. 9
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School:University of Oklahoma

School Location:USA - Oklahoma

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:aging intervention studies quality of life physical fitness exercise activities daily living

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