THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELF-EFFICACY OF EXERCISE AND THE STAGE OF CHANGE OF WEIGHT MANAGEMENT EFFORTS
The prevalence of obesity in the United States had increased, with approximately one-third of American men and women considered obese (Kuczmarski, et al. 1994). Overweight and obese adults exhibited increased risk for morbidity and mortality associated with many acute and chronic medical conditions, including hypertension, dyslipidemia, coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, gallbladder disease, respiratory disease, some types of cancer and gout (Pi-Sunyer, 1993).One of the most important and established determinants of health behavior was found to be self-efficacy (Bandura, 1977). The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships and that exisbetween weight management efforts and self-efficacy of exercise in the employees of Johnson & Johnson Health Care Systems, a Johnson & Johnson Company. A total of 240 employees of Johnson & Johnson Health Care Systems were invited to participate. The response rate was 60%, although one survey was not evaluated because they answered that they were not physically able to exercise. Results were based on 143 participants, both male (n=23) and female (n=120). Based on the results, null hypothesis 1 was rejected. The assessment self-efficacy results were significantly related to stage of change, r = .0055 (p > .0166), expectation self-efficacy results were not significantly related to stage of change, r = .035 (p < .0166), outcome self-efficacy results were significantly related to stage of change, r = .00625 (p < .0166).Results of this study demonstrated a significant relationship between exercise assessment self-efficacy and exercise outcome self-efficacy and stage of change with weight management efforts. The relationship between exercise expectation self-efficacy and stage of change with weight management was not significant. Based on these results, health professionals should determine an individual's stage of change and tailor interventions to the stage of change to progress him or her to the next stage.
School:University of Cincinnati
School Location:USA - Ohio
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:self efficacy weight management exercise stage of change
Date of Publication:01/01/2002