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Regulation der Freisetzung von SCF aus proliferierenden versus differenzierenden Keratinozyten/HaCaT

by Kors, Christian

Abstract (Summary)
The human stem cell factor (SCF) is a crucial growth factor for mast cells in the dermis and for the melanocytes in the basal layers of the epidermis. SCF is produced, among others, by keratinocytes. This study examines the possible regulation of the expression of SCF from keratinocytes by all-trans retinoic acid (RA) and dexamethasone in vitro by the keratinocyte cell line HaCaT. The HaCaT-cells were incubated for 24 hours or 11 days, respectively, with one of the above mentioned substances (10 to the power of -5 M to 10 to the power of -9 M). The analysis of the number of HaCaT-cells, of the total SCF protein, its splice variants (mSCF, sSCF), the receptors of RA (RAR-alpha, -beta, -gamma), and of the dexamethasone (GR-alpha, -beta) was done by ELISA and RT-PCR. The following results were found: RA induces an increase of SCF, dexamethasone at a short incubation period a considerable increase of SCF, and at long-term incubation a strong decrease. The RA-receptors RA-alpha und -gamma expression is increased after incubation with RA, and the glucocorticoid-receptors GR-alpha and -beta after the incubation with dexamethasone. Therefore, it is probable that the increase of the mast cell growth factor SCF under physiological, pathological and therapeutic conditions could be regulated by retinoic acid and glucocorticoids.
This document abstract is also available in German.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

School Location:Germany

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:HaCaT Keratinozyten SCF All-trans Retinsäure keratinocytes dexamethasone all-trans retinoic acid YF 4404

ISBN:

Date of Publication:07/05/2006

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