Is Ready-to-Eat-Cereal Consumption Associated with Nutrient Adequacy and Weight Status in Hispanic-American Children and Adolescents?
Breakfast consumption has been associated with an improved nutrient intake and diet quality in children and adolescents. Ready to eat cereal (RTEC) breakfast contributes to macro and micronutrient intake, because it is usually fortified with vitamins and minerals, and is low in fat and high in fiber content. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of RTEC consumption on nutrient intake and weight status in Hispanic-American (HA) children and adolescents using data from 1999 to 2002 The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Participants were categorized by breakfast skippers, RTEC breakfast, and other breakfast consumers.
Hispanic-American children and adolescents consumed more other types of breakfast than an RTEC breakfast. Skipping breakfast was more common in HA adolescents than in children. Hispanic-American children and adolescents who consumed an RTEC breakfast had on average a lower intake of total fat and cholesterol than those who consumed other breakfast. Children between 1 to 5 years of age who consumed an RTEC breakfast had a higher mean energy intake from protein and a higher fiber intake than HA children who skipped breakfast. Hispanic-American in all age groups who consumed an RTEC breakfast had a better intake of vitamin B6, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, folate, iron and zinc than those who consumed other breakfast and those who skipped breakfast. Children and adolescents met on average two thirds of the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for Vitamin C and K, but did not average of the two thirds of the RDA for vitamin E and fiber for any age regardless of the breakfast consumption pattern. Moreover, Adolescents who consumed an RTEC breakfast had a higher adequacy ratio (MAR) for shortfall nutrient intake than those who consumed others breakfast. Children between 6 to 12 years of age who skipped breakfast had a significantly higher mean of waist circumference than those who ate other breakfast; but this study found no significant association between the consumption of breakfast and skipped breakfast with the risk of overweight or being overweight in HA children and adolescent.
Advisor:Carol O'Neil; Michael Keenan ; Georgianna Tuuri
School:Louisiana State University in Shreveport
School Location:USA - Louisiana
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:11/15/2007