Rail-based cross-border passenger traffic between Hong Kong and the Mainland
Abstract of dissertation entitled
"Rail-based Cross-border Passenger Traffic between Hong Kong
and the Mainland"
Kung Wai Hung , Nebon
For the degree of Master of Arts in Transport Policy and Planning
at the University of Hong Kong
in August 2004
This dissertation is based on the notion that the railway has been, and will continue to be the most important mode of transport for cross-border passenger traffic between Hong Kong and the Mainland China. This basic notion is supported by the following observations:-a. Historically, the Kowloon Canton Railway (East Rail) has been the only means of transport providing direct connection between the two main cities, Hong Kong and Guangzhou, in the Pearl River Delta Region. Though the train service had ceased its operation in 1949, it was re-introduced in 1979 after China adopted the Open Door Policy. Since its re-introduction, there has been tremendous increase in the volume of the rail passengers.
b. China? Open Door Policy in early 1980? has been a tremendous force in bringing about the economic integration of Hong Kong with the Mainland. This is the main impetus for cross-border travel for different business trips. A
review of the different stages of the cross-border traffic growth has shown a strong relationship between the demographic, economic, political and social development in China, especially in the Pearl River Delta.
c. The Mainland? policy in the development of the PRD has driven major infrastructure development in the region. The railway system has expanded greatly and the service standards enhanced. As a mass carrier, the railway has occupied the largest market share in the total cross-border transport market.
d. The continuing development of the PRD and social-economic integration of Hong Kong and the Mainland will lead to further growth in the cross-border transport. Therefore, the railways will maintain its role in meeting the continuing growth is clear and imminent.
In the cross-border transport market, there are many other developments. Recently, the government? policies on cross-border transport seem to be ?ixed? On one hand, there are major investments in the road and rail-based infrastructures to provide the much needed services. On the other hand, the coordination of the different modes seems weak. This can be seen from the dissatisfactions of the travelling public on the services provided and the constant changes made, as well the complaints by the different stakeholders for the yellow bus, taxi, direct coach operators?tc.
The paper reviews the increasing supply and competition of different transport modes (rail, road, water and air) to the cross-border passenger traffic with focus on the land-based crossing transport modes (rail and road).
The paper would address what should be the appropriate cross-border transport policy.
The findings of the SWOT analysis conducted as part of the study have helped to position the railway in future markets. At the same time, a review and analysis of the government? policies on cross-border transport has highlight the key issues in plan and policy formulation that would affect the future development.
Finally, a proposal has been suggested to plan and build an integrated railway network that can serve the entire PRD region. Such a strategy would further strength the notion of an integrated PRD region and point to the concept of a ?arnishing border?for the PRD and Hong Kong.
School:The University of Hong Kong
School Location:China - Hong Kong SAR
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:railroads china hong kong passenger traffic planning pearl river delta
Date of Publication:01/01/2004