Quality of life and hemodialytical treatment: renal insufficiency patient evaluation

by Bernardes Leão, Jacqueline Andréia

Abstract (Summary)
Hemodialysis is the most frequently renal substitutive therapy used by patients with chronic renalfailure. However, continuation with this kind of treatment had demonstrated to provoke disarrangingand changes on daily routine, affecting patient?s quality of life. Present study main objective wasevaluate the quality of life in chronic renal failure patients receiving hemodialysis treatment, by meansof the instrument called Kidney Disease and Quality of Life Short Form (KDQOL-SF). Wereinterviewed 72 chronic kidney failure patients under hemodialysis treatment in Goiânia / GO, Brazil.For statistical data analysis, a significance level of 5% and a 95% of confidence interval were used.The majority of patients are male, with mean age of 51.1 ± 16,6 years (20 to 80 yr), catholics, andthey just know how to ?read and write? as education level. The time of hemodialysis treatment was 12 -60 months for most of them, as well as the family income is 01 or 02 salaries. The majority doesn?twork and live with their family or spouse. The results evidenced that the quality of life of chronic renalfailure patients receiving hemodialysis treatment is impaired in some aspects. The DimensionsPhysical Role, Work Status, Burden of Kidney Disease and Emotional Role had the lowest scores(20.49, 22.2, 34.55, 36,57 respectively). The highest values were obtained in the Dimensions DialysisStaff Encouragement (88.37), Quality of Social Interaction (80.83), Patient Satisfaction (80.09), SexualFunction (73.86) and Cognitive Function (80.74). The individual?s perception in each Dimension wassignificantly interfered by advanced age, gender, time of treatment, family support, religious choices,level of instruction and by work. Present study indicates that quality of life in chronic renal failurepatients receiving hemodialysis treatment is affected and justifies a professional involvement to care ofthese people, just the way they deserve to be cared of.
This document abstract is also available in Portuguese.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:virginia Visconde Brasil

School:Universidade Federal de Goiás

School Location:Brazil

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:Quality of Life, Nursing Care, Renal Insufficiency, Dialysis


Date of Publication:02/24/2006

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