Psychological aspects of pain and ego defense in cancer and hand-injured patients
(Uncorrected OCR) ABSTRACT The present study investigated the *jgo deft1 rises of cancel patients -is veil as explOt'Od tlit iclntionships hetaeeii egn defenses and patients' adjustment to cancel disease. Pain intensity and death anxiety live) vev* <*lio:;en as indicatois of the patients' ad/justiiient to their illnesses. The Chinesi versions of the Bond's Defense Style Questionnaire, the XcGill Fain Questionnaire, thi* TVypler's Death Anxiety Questionnaire and th* persona' Data Quest tnwiaita "':administered to 10 cancer and 30 hand injured patients in Hong Koiitf. Th>: results showed that mote nature defenses, including sublluation. reaction formation, and undoing, Bere -tore proninent awong both groups ol patients. However, cancer patients used autistic fantasy note as compared to hand-injuic.>d patients, Tiainatur*; defense* liked acting out, rational nation. autistic fantasy and passive aggression had negaiive cftects on the adjustment of cancer patlMtits. On tho ^.ther hand, reaction formation rended tr. reduce tho nuhjectivc sensory pain experienced by cancel patients. Caucet patients had more unpleasant affect associated with their pain. Desides, psychological factors had higher predicting povei than personal factors U.g. sex. aue) on cancer patients' pain adjustment. Thf-ic results indicate the importance of psychological services in the oaring of pat. int s with life-threatening illness. Ho significant ditferanca in death anxiety levels uas found betw^on the x*>r. groups ol subjects. This finding *'as explained in terns of Chinese relational oriented conceptualization oi death. Finally, the present study aiso found that male, younger, and singlo cancer patients had ifiore difficulties in adjusting to their Illness. Implications on treattaent were discussfd.
School:The University of Hong Kong
School Location:China - Hong Kong SAR
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:cancer patients psychological aspects
Date of Publication:01/01/1992