Psychological Factors Related to Reasons for Exercise: A Comparative Study Between Chinese and American College Students
Exercise has been shown to be associated with health and it is related to decreased morbidity and mortality in the general population (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, USDHHS, 1996). Despite the multiple health benefits of exercise, relatively few people exercise. The present study examined factors that may influence exercise participation. Chinese undergraduate students from Beijing Normal University (n = 213) and American undergraduate students from Bowling Green State University (n = 213) were recruited to participate in the present study. This study examined how reasons for exercise were related to exercise stages of change among Chinese and American college students. Also examined were how reasons for exercise were related to exercise enjoyment and self-efficacy. In addition, cultural and gender differences were examined. The main results were as follows: (1) Women in different stages of change exercised for different reasons, with women in higher stages primarily exercise more for non-body related reasons than women in lower stages of change. (2) American college students exercised more for Weight Control, Fitness, and Physical Attractiveness, while Chinese college students exercised more for Health and Enjoyment. (3) Students who primarily exercised for Mood enjoyed exercise more than people who exercised for other reasons, and people who exercised for body-related reasons, such as Weight Control and Body Tone, enjoyed exercise the least. (4) Women exercising primarily for Mood had higher self-efficacy than women exercising for other reasons. In conclusion, certain reasons for exercise are related to stages of change, exercise enjoyment, and exercise self-efficacy.
School:Bowling Green State University
School Location:USA - Ohio
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:exercise reasons for stages of change enjoyment self efficacy chinese college students
Date of Publication:01/01/2008