A Prototype Platform for Array Feed Development A Prototype Platform for Array Feed Development
The array feed was demonstrated on a three-meter parabolic reflector by recovering a weak signal of interest that was obscured by a strong, broadband interferer. Similar results were also obtained when the interferer moved with an angular velocity of 0.1 degree per second, but only when the power in the interferer dominated the signal. The aperture efficiency was measured at 64%, but adaptive beamformers can slightly perturb this value through distortions in the beam pattern. This phenomenon, called pattern rumble, effectively reduced the sensitivity of the radio telescope, and was measured by comparing the SNRs of adaptive beamformers to the SNR of a fixed-weight beamformer. It was found that pattern rumble can reduce the useful integration time by roughly one order of magnitude. It was also found that mechanical instability of the primary reflector introduces a great deal of pattern rumble, even when the interferer is fixed in direction.
School:Brigham Young University
School Location:USA - Utah
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:radio astronomy array feeds focal plane arrays beamforming rfi mitigation
Date of Publication:10/03/2006