Production and composition of the essential oil of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) under doses of chicken manure

by dos Santos, Tatiane Pereira

Abstract (Summary)
Essential oil of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) with high concentration of linalool isvalued in the international market and widely used in the industries of condiments andcosmetics. It has few information regarding the basil culture (Ocimum basilicum L.),therefore this research has the objective to evaluate the yield and the quality of essentialoil of genotypes of basil in function of levels of organic fertilization in the conditions ofwinter with irrigation. The experiment was lead in the Farm Experiment of the Glory,pertaining to the Federal University of Uberlândia, in the period of 21 of May the 7 ofOctober of 2005. Five levels of fertilization, being 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 had been used kg oforganic fertilizer (chicken manure)/m2. The used experimental delineation design wascompletely randomized and divided in groups with four replications. Two genotypeshad been sown: Basil PI 197442 S3 Bulk 13 (G1) and Basil NSL 6421 S3 Bulk 14 (G2).Hydrodistillation with Clevenger Modified for extration of the essential oil had beenmade. The analyzed variable had been: height of the plant; length and width of leaf;relation length/width (C/L); essential oil yield , yield of linalool in the essential oil, withcool and dry mass of leves and flowers. The doses of chicken manure had significantlyinfluenced the cool yield of linalool of distilled essential oil with mass and dry of boththe genotypes, being the other variable had not presented significant differences.
This document abstract is also available in Portuguese.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Arie Fitzgerald Blank; Carlos Ribeiro Rodrigues; Denise Garcia de Santana; José Magno Queiroz Luz

School:Universidade Federal de Uberlândia

School Location:Brazil

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:Medicinal plant Aromatic Organic fertilizer Chicken manure


Date of Publication:12/04/2006

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