Pricing American options with jump-diffusion by Monte Carlo simulation
In recent years the stock markets have shown tremendous volatility with significant spikes and drops in the stock prices. Within the past decade, there have been numerous jumps in the market; one key example was on September 17, 2001 when the Dow industrial average dropped 684 points following the 9-11 attacks on the United States. These evident jumps in the markets show the inaccuracy of the Black-Scholes model for pricing options. Merton provided the first research to appease this problem in 1976 when he extended the Black-Scholes model to
include jumps in the market. In recent years, Kou has shown that the distribution of the jump sizes used in Merton’s model does not efficiently model the actual movements of the markets. Consequently, Kou modified Merton’s model changing the jump size distribution from a normal distribution to the double exponential distribution.
Kou’s research utilizes mathematical equations to estimate the value of an American put option where the underlying stocks follow a jump-diffusion process. The research contained within this thesis extends on Kou’s research using Monte Carlo simulation (MCS) coupled with
least-squares regression to price this type of American option. Utilizing MCS provides a
continuous exercise and pricing region which is a distinct difference, and advantage, between MCS and other analytical techniques. The aim of this research is to investigate whether or not MCS is an efficient means to pricing American put options where the underlying stock undergoes a jump-diffusion process. This thesis also extends the simulation to utilize copulas in the pricing of baskets, which contains several of the aforementioned type of American options.
The use of copulas creates a joint distribution from two independent distributions and provides an efficient means of modeling multiple options and the correlation between them.
The research contained within this thesis shows that MCS provides a means of accurately
pricing American put options where the underlying stock follows a jump-diffusion. It also shows that it can be extended to use copulas to price baskets of options with jump-diffusion. Numerical examples are presented for both portions to exemplify the excellent results obtained by using MCS for pricing options in both single dimension problems as well as multidimensional
School:Kansas State University
School Location:USA - Kansas
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:monte carlo simulation copula jump diffusion american option stochastic sampling business administration general 0310 engineering industrial 0546 operations research 0796
Date of Publication:01/01/2009