Preventing Deforestation in Madagascar: is Kirindy Mite National Park effective?
Madagascar, one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots, is losing habitat of native
species at an alarming rate. Frequently overlooked by researchers, dry deciduous forests
have been destroyed by logging and fires for subsistence agriculture. Kirindy Mite
National Park encompasses one of the largest continuous tracts of dry forest in
Madagascar. However, the current state of the Park is largely unknown by the
Association Nationale pour la Gestion des Aires Protégées (ANGAP) managers in
Morondava due to lack of funding and technology, an issue faced by many park
managers in developing countries. In order to assess whether the Park is preventing
deforestation within its boundaries and if the disturbed forest within the Park was
rebounding, satellite images from 1990, 2000, and 2006 were used to map forest cover
within the Park and a 5km buffer outside the Park. Comparisons of deforestation and
afforestation rates between the Park and buffer were used to gauge the effectiveness of
the Park for forest conservation. Overall, the boundary or knowledge of it plays a role in
deterring anthropogenic deforestation with Kirindy Mite. However, this and the
remoteness of the Park were not enough to completely prevent the Park from losing forest cover from 1990 to 2006.
Advisor:Dollar, Luke J.
School Location:USA - North Carolina
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:madagascar deforestation kirindy mitea national park association nationale pour la gestion des aires protégées angap management
Date of Publication:05/01/2007