Plasma N-terminal Proatrial Natriuretic Peptide Concentration in Cats with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
PLASMA N-TERMINAL PROATRIAL NATRIURETIC PEPTIDE CONCENTRATION IN CATS WITH HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY
Heidi N. MacLean
Jonathan A. Abbott, Chair
Objective: We sought to determine N-terminal proatrial natriuretic peptide concentrations [Nt-proANP] in plasma from cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Secondarily, we wished to evaluate the relationship between [Nt-proANP] and echocardiographic variables.
Methods: Venous blood samples were obtained from seventeen cats with HCM and from nineteen healthy cats. Plasma [Nt-proANP] was determined using an ELISA assay. The relationship between plasma [Nt-proANP] and M-mode, 2-dimensional and Doppler echocardiographic variables was evaluated. Cats that were hyperthyroid or had evidence of renal disease were excluded from the study.
Results: The mean plasma [Nt-proANP] was higher in cats with HCM (3.81 +/- 1.23 pmol/l) than in control cats (3.08 +/- 1.41 pmol/l); however, this difference was not statistically significant (p=0.17). There was a significant correlation between plasma [Nt-proANP] and left ventricular posterior wall thickness (r = 0.42; p=0.01). Additionally, plasma [Nt-proANP] was correlated with left atrial size (r = 0.35; p=0.03). A linear regression model was developed to further explore these relationships. LAs2D and LVPWd had an interactive effect on plasma [Nt-proANP] (R2 = 0.2737; p= 0.02). There was no correlation between any other echocardiographic variable and plasma [Nt-proANP]. There was no correlation between plasma [Nt-proANP] and heart rate (HR), body-weight, or age.
Conclusions: Cats with HCM do not have significantly higher plasma [Nt-proANP] than normal cats. There was a significant linear relationship between [Nt-proANP] and LAs2D, LVPWd and the model that described their interaction.