Patrice Chéreaus Inszenierungen von Koltés' Dans la solitude des champs de coton und ihre Filmfassungen als intermedialer Transfer
The thesis deals with the question of knowing, how 'intermediality', a theoretical field deduced from intertextuality, can aid in analysing a text being produced on stage and this staging having been filmed. In which way the substratum of the text will be transformed on its transfer to the scene and to the screen? How these media and art forms do function together in a theatre film? These basic questions follows a exemplary comparison of Bernard-Marie Koltès' theatre play "Dans la solitude des champs de coton" produced for the stage by Patrice Chéreau in 1987 and 1995 and the films of these stagings realised by Benoît Jacquot and Stéphane Metge. A method to analyse the relation between theatre and film in the case of a theatre film is deduced from the actual status of intermediality theory: The "framework"-theory of E. Goffman is recalled, according to which each action only becomes significant in situations that are distinguishable after having been structured by a previous knowledge. Any action in the text, on the scene or on the screen can then be associated with a frame or a "créance", as C. Grivel calls the same phenomenon. In the encounter of the Dealer with the Client, descibed in Koltès' play, dominate the créance of the deal, the fight or the seduction, depending on the form and the medium, by which the action is transmitted. Their interplay causes irritation. The intermedial, semiotic processes occurring in a theatre production and it's filmed version can be described by using four types of 'relations of significance' (Bedeutungsrelationen): synchronization (Synchronisierung), desynchronization (Gegenläufigkeit), superimposition (Überlagerung) and fanning-out (Ausfächerung). Taking the example of Chéreaus two theatre productions of "Dans la solitude des champs de coton", the thesis indicates how the transfer to the scene and to the screen confirms or modifies the substratum of the text. The demonstration follows four aspects: time structures, scene of action and theatre scene, light and atmosphere, gestures and mimicry. The analysis shows for instance, that the 1987 production and Jacquot's film version underline the schematic opposition between the Dealer and the Client that is established in the text. The 1995 production dissolves this antagonism between them and presents them as two actors in within the play, whose roles are interchangeable. Finally, Metge's video is a reference to the vivacity of the performance as a meeting not only between the Dealer and the Client, but also between the actors and the audience.
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School:Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:10/31/2001