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Parents as agents of change for the prevention of obesity in young children

by 1976- Klohe, Deborah Marie

Abstract (Summary)
Objective: To develop and validate a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for lowincome, 1-3 year old Hispanic, African American, and Caucasian children. Design: A convenience sample of low-income mothers provided dietary data for their child via food frequency questionnaires and 3-day diet records. Subjects/setting: Participants (n=77) were recruited from the Special Supplemental Program for Women Infants and Children (WIC) clinics and public health clinics. All subjects were Hispanic, African American, or Caucasian mothers of children 1 – 3 years old, ? 18 years of age, income < 200% of the federal poverty level, and were literate in English. Statistical analyses performed: Wilcoxen signed-ranks tests were used for comparisons of food group servings on time 1 and time 2 FFQs and to examine differences in food group servings between the FFQ and diet records. Spearman correlations were calculated to assess test-retest reliability and the relative validity. Contingency tables were used to determine the degree of association between the FFQ and diet records. Results: Reliability correlations were significant for all nine food categories (x = 0.69), ranging from 0.53 (soups) to 0.84 (non-starchy vegetables). Validity correlations were significant for all food groups (x = 0.41), except starchy vegetables. Thirty six percent of children were classified into the same quartile of food group intake and 78% into the same or adjacent. 37 Conclusions: The FFQ yielded excellent reliability and acceptable validity and can be used to assess food choices in a tri-ethnic sample of low-income, 1-3 year olds. 38
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:The University of Texas at Austin

School Location:USA - Texas

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:obesity in children mother and child parental influences united states

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