Panbiogeography: a cladistic approach
This thesis develops a quantitative cladistic approach to panbiogeography. Algorithms for constructing and comparing area cladograms are developed and implemented in a computer program. Examples of the use of this software are described. The principle results of this thesis are: (1) The description of algorithms for implementing Nelson and Platnick's (1981) methods for constructing area cladograms. These algorithms have been incorporated into a computer program. (2) Zandee and Roos' (1987) methods based on "component-compatibility" are shown to be flawed. (3) Recent criticisms of Nelson and Platnick's methods by E. O. Wiley are rebutted. (4) A quantitative reanalysis of Hafner and Nadler's (1988) allozyme data for gophers and their parasitic lice illustrates the utility of information on timing of speciation events in interpreting apparent incongruence between host and parasite cladograms. In addition the thesis contains a survey of some current themes in biogeography, a reply to criticisms of my earlier work on track analysis, and an application of bootstrap and consensus methods to place confidence limits on estimates of cladograms.
School:The University of Auckland / Te Whare Wananga o Tamaki Makaurau
School Location:New Zealand
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:fields of research 270000 biological sciences 270500 zoology 270700 ecology and evolution 270702 marine estuarine incl ichthyology
Date of Publication:01/01/1990