Optimal Path Queries in Very Large Spatial Databases
This thesis presents two algorithms: 1) a new disk-based shortest path algorithm (DiskSPNN), and 2) a new disk-based optimal path algorithm (DiskOP) that answers an optimal route query without passing a set of forbidden edges in a very large graph. Both algorithms fit within the same divide-and-conquer framework as the existing disk-based shortest path algorithms proposed by Ning Zhang and Heechul Lim. Several techniques, including query super graph, successor fragment and open boundary node pruning are proposed to improve the performance of the previous disk-based shortest path algorithms. Furthermore, these techniques are applied to the DiskOP algorithm with minor changes. The proposed DiskOP algorithm depends on the concept of collecting a set of boundary vertices and simultaneously relaxing their adjacent super edges. Even if the forbidden edges are distributed in all the fragments of a graph, the DiskOP algorithm requires little memory. Our experimental results indicate that the DiskSPNN algorithm performs better than the original ones with respect to the I/O cost as well as the running time, and the DiskOP algorithm successfully solves a specific constrained route query problem in a very large graph.
School:University of Waterloo
School Location:Canada - Ontario
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:computer science optimal route query very large spatial databases forbidden edge constraint
Date of Publication:01/01/2005