Optical and Structural Properties of Er-doped GaN/InGaN materials and devices synthesized by metal organic chemical vapor deposition
It was observed that surface morphology and 1.54 um PL emission intensity was strongly dependent upon the Er/NH3 flow rate ratio and the growth temperature. XRD measurements showed that the crystalline ordering of the (002) plane was relatively unperturbed for the changing growth environment. Least-squares fitting of 1.54 um PL measurements from Er-doped GaN of different growth temperatures was utilized to determine a formation energy of 1.82 ± 0.1 eV for the Er-emitting centers.
The crystalline quality and surface morphology of Er-doped InGaN (5% In fraction) was nearly identical to that of Er-doped GaN, yet the PL intensity of the 1.54 um emission from Er-doped InGaN (5% In fraction) was 16 x smaller than that of Er-doped GaN. The drop in PL intensity is attributed to the much lower growth temperature in conjunction with the high formation energy of the Er- emitting centers. Er-doped InGaN grown at fixed growth temperature with different growth pressures, NH3 flow rates, and Ga flow rates was also investigated, and showed that increased In fractions also resulted in a smaller 1.54 um PL intensity.
Er-doped InGaN p-i-n diodes were synthesized and tested. The electroluminescence (EL) spectra under forward bias shows strong Er based emission in the infrared and visible region. The different emission lines from EL spectra in contrast to PL spectra implies different excitation methods for the Er based emission in the p-i-n diode than in the PL excited epilayer.
School:Kansas State University
School Location:USA - Kansas
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:metal organic chemical vapor deposition erbium gallium nitride optical properties structural telecommunication engineering materials science 0794 physics condensed matter 0611
Date of Publication:01/01/2008