One Hundred Years of Slavery: A Sociohistorical and Demographic Study of the Origins of Cayenne Creole
Abstract (Summary)Restricted Item. Print thesis available in the University of Auckland Library or available through Inter-Library Loan. This thesis takes a new approach to the study of the genesis of the lexically-French based Cayenne Creole, which emerged in French Guiana around the beginning of the eighteenth century. The study begins with an an overview of theories of creole genesis that describes the various schools of thought, notably the diffusionist, superstratist, substratist and universalist positions. Part 2 of the thesis examines the social history of Cayenne from 1650 to 1750. It provides information about the various early settlements of Cayenne Island, particularly the Dutch and Portugese Jewish establishment from 1654 to 1664 that saw the beginning of large-scale African enslavement in the colony. The development of the slave community in the context of the French colony is examined in detail, particularly with respect to the conditions of the slaves and their origins. Part 3 deals with the demography of Cayenne from 1650 to 1750. It features a detailed analysis of colonial censuses during this time, and looks at the 1690 slave list of Goupy des Marets in great detail. The origin of the slave ships to Cayenne is also discussed. Finally, Part 4 draws on the information provided in the social history and demography to suggest a model for the genesis of Cayenne Creole. The validity of this model will be tested in future linguistic studies of Cayenne Creole.
School Location:New Zealand
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:02/01/2000