Occupational well-being: the development of a theory and a measure

by Schultz, Monica L.

Abstract (Summary)
Research on occupational well-being, commonly conceptualized as job satisfaction or the

opposite of burnout, is criticized for its lack of theoretical basis. Danna and Griffin (1999) point

out the need to refine this construct as well as develop measures to assess well-being in the

workplace. This study proposed a scale of occupational well-being based on the work of Ryff

(1989). Ryff's (1989) model of psychological well-being was designed to address similar

concerns plaguing research on general well-being. The scales derived from Ryff's (1989)

research are theoretically based on a variety of converging theories of optimal well-being that

had previously been ignored. Unfortunately, the support for the psychometric properties of the

psychological well-being scale is mixed. Researchers have either been able to produce longer,

more reliable scales with a poor factor structure or shorter, less reliable scales with strong

factorial validity. The results of this study are consistent with general research on well-being.

Of the multiple first order models (with six independent factors) produced, the only acceptable

fit was from a scale with 4 item sub-scales. Though acceptable by some, the reliability of these

subscales was not as strong as it was for longer versions. The fit of the first order model was

then compared to that of a second order model (where the 6 dimensions loaded onto occupational

well-being). While both models had an acceptable fit to the data, preference was given to the

second order model. While they had similar REMSA values, the PGFI was higher for the second

order model; researchers have suggested that PGFI be used to help interpret the REMSA value.

In addition, the second order model was cross validated, producing results similar to the original

findings. This model was then used to assess the relationship between occupational well-being

and the context of work; previously, this has been ignored. Partial support was found for a

mediated relationship between psychological climate and occupational well-being. Composite

psychological climate scores influenced job satisfaction; this in turn, affected occupational wellbeing.

The limitations, contributions, and meaning of the study are then discussed.

Bibliographical Information:


School:Kansas State University

School Location:USA - Kansas

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:occupational well being psychology industrial 0624


Date of Publication:01/01/2008

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