O Ato Adicional de 1834 e a instrução elementar no império:descentralização ou centralização?

by Castanha, Andre Paulo

Abstract (Summary)
The following research seeks to understand the organization process of elementary publiceducation in Brazil imperial. A study comparing the implemented actions by the Imperial Court,Rio de Janeiro, Mato Grosso and Paraná provinces was done. The main goal is to understand theState action in the definition of the politics of public education, in the period 1834-1889. Thestart point was the Additional Act of 1834, since historiography gives it the responsibility of thefailure and disorganization of education in the provinces. For most of historians thedecentralization fragmented the meager projects and resources available, contributing to theproliferation of contradictories laws, putting down the elementary education in Brazil imperial.Therefore, this study intents to raise the debate with the Brazilian educational historiographyaccording to the Additional Act of 1834, and the form of organization of the elementaryinstruction in the Empire. The research basically uses the primary sources, highlighting thereports of the ministers of the ministry of the Empire business, provinces chairmen, the inspectorsof public instruction, educational legislation produced by the four administrative units in thecorrespondent time in addition to several authors of the nineteenth century. The study of theprimary sources has brought to light a significant number of information, which allows thereview of the historiographical debate on the form of organization of elementary education in theEmpire. The studied documents establish clear links between the organization of public educationin the provinces and the project of construction and constitution of the Imperial State and theSenior Class. The documents also show the political strength of the conservative group in theCourt and Rio de Janeiro Province. The principles of order, hierarchy, centralization and moralityconstitute the columns in the organization of public elementary education aiming to prepare thefuture citizens to live in an ordered society, where each class should occupy a place and functionin the social structure. The study is divided into three parts. The first, entitled - The AdditionalAct: The education in a crossroad, which way to go? Made of two chapters: the first about theindependence to imperial crises: the dialectic of power, and the second, The Additional Act:limits, possibilities and historiography. The second part - the imperial public education fromprimary sources- which the history of each compared unit was written based on the reports of theministers, province chairmen, inspectors, articulating with all the legislation being produced,ordered and implemented in each of the administrative units. The third was named- Theeducational legislation and the construction of the empire- divided into three chapters: first, Theagents of inspections into laws, speeches and action. Second: Curriculum: Instruct or educate?and Third, The Professor: the process of selecting the agent of civilization. Where the centralsources were the regulations, in the same time, the reports of the inspectors, chairmen and theauthors of the nineteenth century were also used. The search allows saying that the primarypublic instruction was relevant for the construction and dissemination of the model of Societyand the State that became victorious over the nineteenth century, which still manifests manypractices nowadays.
This document abstract is also available in Portuguese.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Marisa Bittar

School:Universidade Federal de São Carlos

School Location:Brazil

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:instrução elementar ato adicional história da educação brasil império 1822 1889 educacao


Date of Publication:12/13/2007

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