Nutrition and fertilization of Aster ericoides (White Master) related to prodution, quality and longevity.
Aster ericoides is ornamental plant with great production potential in Brazil. Very little information exists nutrition and fertilization of horticultural plants in tropical countries. The objectives were to study application rates of nitrogen and potassium on production and nutrients absorption in soiless culture and commercial production; nutrition and production evaluation in 3 cycle in commercial production Aster ericoides (White Master). Two experiments were mounted: soiless culture (greenhouse) and soil (commercial greenhouse). The first experiment was a completed randomized block, with 4 replications, 4 rates of nitrogen addition (42, 112, 210 and 406 mg L -1 ) and 4 rates of potassium addition (39, 78, 234 e 468 mg L -1 ). Nutrient solution was added to 7 L pots with silica and 1 plant per pot. Seedlings transplantation was performed and harvest occured after 3 months. Dry matter production (flowers, leaves and stems), plant height, flower number, principal lateral shoots and nutrients absorption were evaluated. Optimum dry matter productio n, flower number and nutrient absorption was obtained with 42 mg L -1 N and 39 mg L -1 K in first cycle and 42 mg L -1 N and 234 mg L -1 K in second cycle. The soil experiment was performed under commercial conditions, Santo Antonio de Posse, Sao Paulo State. This experiment was divided in two parts: nutritional evaluation of production and additional N and K fertilization. Three phases of culture were evaluated with 600,000 plants per ha in first cycle and 400,000 plants per ha in the others cycles. Fertirrigaton was used in each cycle and it was applied 86.57 kg ha -1 N, 10.33 kg ha -1 P, 60.92 kg ha -1 K, 89.46 kg ha -1 Ca, 4.79 kg ha -1 Mg e 11.93 kg ha -1 S. Twelve stems were harvested in each plot (2.40m x 48.00 m area). Dry matter production, flower number and principal lateral shoots were worst in third cycle. Soil fertility was greatest at the third cycles but K levels were reduced after first harvest. N and K extraction was not replaced with standard fertilizer. For the second experiment, the first cycle received fertirrigation at usual nutrient rates. Treatments were initiated in the second cycle with a 4 x 4 fatorial experiment (4 rates of N and 4 rates of K) in randomized designed with 4 replications. N and K rates in second cycle were 86.57; 136.57; 161.28 e 186.23 kg ha -1 of N e 62.92; 106.72; 128.32 e 149.92 kg ha-1 K and in third cycle were 86.57; 164.38; 190.37 e 294.57 kg ha -1 N e 62.92; 124.12; 149.92 e 236.92 kg ha-1 K. Each fertilizer addition was divided into 10 aplications applied each week. Dry matter production (flower, stem and leaf), nutrient absorption, flower number, principal lateral shoots and soil chemical analysis were evaluated. Flower dry matter, calcium concentration in flowers and leaves, N accumulation in flowers and K accumulation in stems and Cu accumulation in stems were influenced by additional fertilization in second cycle. In third cycle, nutrient concentration for N, K, P, Ca and other nutrients were signifcantly higher due additional fertilization. More studies concerns about nitrogen and potassium fertilization could provide more informations regarding the development of Aster ericoides under tropical conditions.
Advisor:Quirino Augusto de Camargo Carmello; Maria Esmeralda Soares Payao Dematte; Tais Tostes Graziano; Luis Ignacio Prochnow; Ronaldo Ivan Silveira; Quirino Augusto de Camargo Carmello
School:Universidade de São Paulo
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:08/31/2001