Numerical Studies of Energy Gaps in Photonic Crystals
The concept of photonic crystals was born in the late 1980's when two important letters were published that showed the possibility to control light propagation by a periodic structure. A photonic crystals consists of two or more materials with different dielectric functions periodically arranged on the length scale of light. If the conditions are favorable, a gap will open in the dispersion relation, often called photonic band structure, and electromagnetic waves with frequency in the gap range cannot propagate through the photonic crystal.In this thesis, mainly two types of structures and their properties have been numerically investigated: two-dimensional structures that are either square or triangular. In the calculations, both dielectric and polaritonic materials have been used. Polaritonic materials have an interval of high reflectance in the IR range, due to strong lattice resonances. Within such an interval, the real part of the dielectric function is negative, which causes a metal-like behavior. A polaritonic material, BeO has been introduced in photonic crystals to study the coexistence of structure and polaritonic gaps. Band structures and for some cases transmission spectra have been calculated to study the existence of complete gaps, i.e. energy intervals in which an incoming electromagnetic wave is totally reflected regardless of polarization and angle of incidence.A brief discussion on signature management and thermal emission, and calculations for low-emittance coatings is included. It is shown that a 50-60µm layer of a 3D photonic crystal can be sufficient to achieve a thermal emittance of 20%.
Source Type:Doctoral Dissertation
Keywords:TECHNOLOGY; Materials science; Materials science; photonic crystals; polaritonic; periodic structures; Reststrahlen; band structure; energy gap; Materialvetenskap
Date of Publication:01/01/2005