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Novel piezoelectric ceramics development of high temperature, high performance piezoelectrics on the basis of structure /

by 1976- Eitel, Richard E.

Abstract (Summary)
A new family of morphotropic phase boundary (MBP) perovskite solid solutions based on (1-x)BiMeO3-xPbTiO3 has been discovered. These materials promise both high piezoelectric properties, characteristic of MPB systems, and usage temperatures unavailable in current high performance piezoelectric systems. The discovery of this family of bismuth perovskite-lead titanate materials was made using simple crystal chemistry arguments based on the perovskite tolerance factor. In the current work, the details of the (1-x)BiScO3-xPbTiO3 (BSxPT) solid solution will be presented as the “prototype” example of this new family of materials. The optimum processing conditions and electromechanical properties of the BSxPT system were determined. X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy, dielectric measurements, and calorimetery were used to determine the details of the phase diagram, crystal structure, and domain structure. The intrinsic and extrinsic contributions to the dielectric and piezoelectric properties were determined using cryogenic dielectric measurements and a novel application of the Rayleigh Law to the direct piezoelectric response. The nature of the phase transition behavior in the tetragonal region of the BSxPT phase diagram was explored based on the Landau phenomenological approach. The BSxPT system represents a breakthrough in the field of piezoelectric ceramics. For the first time ever, a MPB piezoelectric material system has been developed with a transition temperature higher than Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 and improved piezoelectric properties. A detailed understanding of the structure, electromechanical response, and phase transition behavior of this exciting new system has been obtained. iii Further, a roadmap for the continued development of new materials in the family (1-x)BiMeO3-xPbTiO3 was developed. iv
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School:Pennsylvania State University

School Location:USA - Pennsylvania

Source Type:Master's Thesis

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