Novel applications of functionalised orthoesters : towards the synthesis of various natural products
For the past years, our laboratory has been interested in the development of a specific class of functionalised orthoester derivatives and their application as annelating reagents. Previous work had demonstrated that these reagents could be used in a two-step procedure to generate interesting spirocyclic ketones.
At the onset of our thesis, we devoted our efforts to the study and application of this methodology. This resulted in an improved and more efficient procedure for the spirohexannelation of â-ketoketals. During these initial studies, an intriguing and novel transannular cyclisation was discovered.
The reactivity of these spirocycles was also briefly examined, laying the ground for an application to the total synthesis of Agarospirol, Hinesol and á-Vetispirene, three natural products belonging to the Spirovetivane family. The applicability of a CAN-catalysed deprotection of ketals and silyl ethers, in the presence of an enol triflate moiety, was also investigated.
The potential of our functionalised orthoesters as annelating agents was then further evaluated in the context of other silyl enolethers. The heteroaromatic derivatives of furan proved to be excellent coupling partners for our functionalised orthoesters, and enabled the efficient preparation of a wide array of butenolides.
These butenolides could then be elaborated, by an efficient and highly stereoselective radical-mediated cyclisation, into bicyclic lactones. Alternatively, treatment with base triggered an efficient spirocyclisation, delivering spirocyclic butenolides in good to excellent yields.
The corresponding pyrrole derivative was also examinated, and preliminary work hints at the possibility of readily preparing azaspirocycles as well as indolizidine frameworks.
Finally, the evaluation of silylated acyloins allowed an entry into the chemistry of cyclobutanones, and a simple procedure for the synthesis of spirocyclic ethers was developed.
During these investigations, an unexpected fragmentation was serendipitously discovered upon application of the Beckmann rearrangement. We were able to use this reaction in a new procedure for the synthesis of interestingly substituted tetrahydropyrans.
School:Université catholique de Louvain
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:orthoesters bicycles lactones annelation spirovetivanes rearrangement spirocycles lactams cyclobutanones
Date of Publication:07/20/2007