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Novel Broadband Designs of Microstrip Antennas

by Kuo, Jieh-Sen

Abstract (Summary)
Novel broadband designs of microstrip antennas have been proposed in this dissertation, including bandwidth enhancement using integrated reactive loading, broadband circularly polarized designs, broadband dual-frequency design, bandwidth enhancement using a slotted ground plane and practical applications. First, bandwidth enhancement of microstrip antennas using integrated reactive loading is proposed and experimentally studied. Results show that the proposed antennas can have an operating bandwidth more than 2.0 times that of a conventional one at a given operating frequency. Second, by selecting a thick air substrate, a wideband circularly polarized microstrip antenna with improved CP quality has been implemented. In addition to the improved CP quality obtained, a 2-dB axial-ratio bandwidth as large as about 38% is also achieved. Third, by bending a planar rectangular patch into an inverted L-shaped patch, a dual-frequency planar antenna has been obtained. Experimental results show that the proposed antenna has a tunable frequency ratio of about 1.66-2.29. Fourth, by embedding meandering slots or slits in the antenna¡¦s ground plane, it is observed that the impedance bandwidth of the microstrip antenna is twice larger than the conventional one. The experimental results show that the resonant frequency is significantly lower, which can lead to a large antenna size reduction for a fixed frequency operation. In addition, enhanced antenna gain is also obtained. Finally, a shorted patch antenna suitable for applications in DCS (1710-1880 MHz) base station is presented.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Yuan-Tung Cheng; Kin-Lu Wong; Chih-Tu Huang; Te-Ching Liu; Wen-Shyang Chen

School:National Sun Yat-Sen University

School Location:China - Taiwan

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:microstrip antennas circularly polarized opera

ISBN:

Date of Publication:04/30/2001

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