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Nonlinear Dust Particle Dynamics and Collective Effects in Complex Plasmas

by Sorasio, Gianfranco

Abstract (Summary)
Theoretical studies of dusty plasmas have been performed by focusing attention principally on collective phenomena and on grain motion. This thesis consists of a collection of seven published papers that explore both the collective behavior of a complex plasma system as well as the dynamics of grains in plasmas. In paper 1, a mechanism that explains the energy gain which leads to the self excited grain oscillations is theoretically formulated. The newly developed mechanism explains the observed self excited oscillations through the coupling of plasma sheath fluctuations with the electrostatic force, which holds the dust grain. In paper 2, theoretical and simulation studies have been conducted to study the vertical oscillations of dust grains that are levitated in plasma sheaths, under low pressure conditions. The oscillations were driven either by an external force or by a plasma number density modulation. The proposed model gives a full picture of the dust grains dynamics and is capable of successfully explaining the experimental observations. Paper 3 explores both theoretically and numerically the origin of the nonlinearities that lead to the observed oscillation resonances. The feature of the confining potential well which traps the grain, the influence of an electrode voltage modulation on the trapping well, and hence on the grain dynamics, and the resulting nonlinear resonances are analyzed in detail. The numerical simulations presented successfully reproduce a broad range of dynamical phenomena, including the self excited oscillations, for a range of different parameters. Paper 4 is dedicated to the analysis of the propagation of Dust Acoustic Waves (DAW) in a medium with an equilibrium dust density distribution. It has been theoretically shown that only some harmonics of the dust density distribution will influence the propagation of the DAW, thus modifying its frequency. Paper 5 presents a theoretical and numerical analysis of the excitation of higher harmonics of electrostatic dust cyclotron waves. The instability is driven by the ion and electron currents flowing along the magnetic field. The dispersion relation and the wave instability conditions have been derived, and a detailed numerical analysis has been performed. In Paper 6, we explore theoretically some cross field instabilities of low frequency, long wavelength electrostatic modes in fully and weakly ionized plasmas. It is shown that in a magnetoplasma with a transverse equilibrium dc electric field, the energy associated with the cross field motion of the plasma particles can be coupled to low frequency electrostatic waves. Paper 7 explores the properties and instabilities of low frequency electrostatic waves propagating in a current carrying magnetoplasma with equilibrium density and field aligned ion flow with a transverse gradient. The paper contains previous results as limiting cases, together with additional instabilities related to the equilibrium plasma density distribution.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:Umeå universitet

School Location:Sweden

Source Type:Doctoral Dissertation

Keywords:NATURAL SCIENCES; Physics; Physics; Complex/Dusty Plasmas; Self excited; Nonlinear; Forced Oscillations; Electrostatic Instabilities in current-carrying magnetoplasmas; Cross-field instabilities in magnetized dusty plasmas; Dust Acoustic Waves; Electrostatic Dust Cyclotron Waves; Fysik; Physics; fysik

ISBN:91-7305-481-X

Date of Publication:01/01/2003

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